Solution-Measures electrical activity in brain | Homework Helpers

Part I:

Question 1 Somatosensory information is processed by which lobe?

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Question 2 Afferent neurons

Question 3 What is the most common type of neuron found in your nervous system?

Question 4 Regarding handedness, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Question 5 The peripheral nervous system is described as comprising

Question 6 If you were to look at the structures in the forebrain, you would find that the hippocampus can be described as being shaped like a(n)

Question 7 Prolonged neurotransmitter activity is prevented by all of the following functions EXCEPT

Question 8 What is the approximate resting potential of a neuron?

Question 9 Sonal is at a brain research center, participating in a study. She is hooked up to a machine that measures electrical activity in her brain through the use of electrodes attached to her scalp. This description best characterizes which of the following techniques?

Question 10 Cocaine and amphetamines increase the availability of which neurotransmitter?

Question 11 The fatty layer of cells that is wrapped around many axons is called the

Question 12 The knoblike swellings at the ends of axons are called

Question 13 Juan eats a meal full of sugar and starches. In response, his pancreas releases insulin into the bloodstream which stimulates his cells to draw more glucose from his blood. This decreases the level of glucose in Juan’s body and, eventually, the pancreas reduces its insulin secretion. Juan’s endocrine system is engaging in which process?

Question 14 Charlize is excessively anxious and irritable. Charlize probably has an excess of which type of hormone?

Question 15 Which technique can best be described as taking snapshots of the brain in action?

Question 16 In a neuron, _____ is to sending as ______ is to receiving.

Question 17 Which of the following does NOT occur during the refractory period?

Question 18 Which of the following is the best definition of genotype?

Question 19 After a car accident, Brandon lost some of his visual abilities. Based on this description of his injuries, which portion of Brandon’s cerebral cortex was probably damaged in the accident?

Question 20 Regarding the frontal cortex, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Part II:

Question 1 Which parts of the forebrain are sometimes described as the “executive center” and can be likened to the central processing unit of a computer?

Question 2 Your anatomy professor states that today’s lecture will be about the central nervous system. Which parts of the body do you expect to learn about?

Question 3 The male sex hormones are produced by the _____, and female sex hormones are produced by the ______. Collectively, these glands are called the ______.

Question 4 In neural communication, ______ is to key as ______ is to lock.

Question 5 A _____ is an automatic, unlearned response to a stimulus.

Question 6 The cerebral cortex accounts for approximately what percentage of the brain’s total mass?

Question 7 Which part of the brain controls balance and coordination?

Question 8 The peripheral nervous system connects the spinal cord and brain with the

Question 9 Afferent neurons

Question 10 Which portion of the central nervous system serves as the link between the brain and the peripheral nervous system?

Question 11 Damage to which portion of the cerebral cortex would most likely interfere with a person’s hearing?

Question 12 Regarding the limbic system, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Question 13 Which part of a neuron could best be described as a “docking station”?

Question 14 Which of the following situations is the type of physical functioning primarily influenced by the parasympathetic nervous system?

Question 15 Which brain structure is best described as a “relay station”?

Question 16 Regarding the relationship between the nervous system and the endocrine system, which of the following statements is best described as FALSE?

Question 17 Regarding the nervous system, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Question 18 Glial cells do all but which of the following?

Question 19 Dr. Williamson conducts research examining the effects of electrical stimulation in certain parts of the brain. Dr. Williamson has found that stimulation of this part of the brain in laboratory rats will result in changes to the rats’ mating, eating, and socialization behaviors. Based on this description, which part of the brain is Dr. Williamson most likely to be studying?

Question 20 Broca’s area is located in the _______ lobe, while Wernicke’s area is located in the ______ lobe.

Part III:

Question 1 Regarding Parkinson’s disease, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Question 2 Regarding the limbic system, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Question 3 Dr. Williamson conducts research examining the effects of electrical stimulation in certain parts of the brain. Dr. Williamson has found that stimulation of this part of the brain in laboratory rats will result in changes to the rats’ mating, eating, and socialization behaviors. Based on this description, which part of the brain is Dr. Williamson most likely to be studying?

Question 4 Which of the following is NOT true of action potentials?

Question 5 Damage to Broca’s area can lead to Selected Answer: a. aphasia.

Question 6 Glial cells do all but which of the following?

Question 7 In contrast to agonists, antagonists are drugs that

Question 8 Which of the following DOES NOT describe functions of the autonomic nervous system?

Question 9 After a neuron fires, about how long is its refractory period?

Question 10 After a car accident, Brandon lost some of his visual abilities. Based on this description of his injuries, which portion of Brandon’s cerebral cortex was probably damaged in the accident?

Question 11 Prolonged neurotransmitter activity is prevented by all of the following functions EXCEPT

Question 12 ______ is the brain’s ability to adapt and reorganize itself following trauma or surgical alteration.

Question 13 According to research examining the relationship between genetics and shyness (Reiss et al., 2000), parents who are overprotective of a shy child

Question 14 Juan eats a meal full of sugar and starches. In response, his pancreas releases insulin into the bloodstream which stimulates his cells to draw more glucose from his blood. This decreases the level of glucose in Juan’s body and, eventually, the pancreas reduces its insulin secretion. Juan’s endocrine system is engaging in which process?

Question 15 A familial association study is used to determine

Question 16 Approximately how thick is your cerebral cortex?

Question 17 There are ______ types of neurons in the human nervous system and these are called ______.

Question 18 Among five sets of identical twins, how many pairs are predicted to share the same hand preference?

Question 19 The fatty layer of cells that is wrapped around many axons is called the

Question 20 Charlize is excessively anxious and irritable. Charlize probably has an excess of which type of hormone?

Part IV:

Question 1 Delta Epsilon fraternity sponsors a Beer Fest every October, where party­goers consume large amounts of alcohol. At the neurotransmitter level, what is happening to the partygoers?

Question 2 A familial association study is used to determine

Question 3 Which of the following best describes a synapse?

Question 4 In the autonomic nervous system, _______ is to release, as ______ is to replenish.

Question 5 ______ are also called neural impulses.

Question 6 Broca’s area is located in the _______ lobe, while Wernicke’s area is located in the ______ lobe.

Question 7 The brain has ______ major parts and they are called the ______.

Question 8 The cerebral cortex accounts for approximately what percentage of the brain’s total mass?

Question 9 Somatosensory information is processed by which lobe?

Question 10 The peripheral nervous system connects the spinal cord and brain with the

Question 11 Associative neuron is another name for

Question 12 Shalanda’s daughter touches her hand. Sensory receptors in Shalanda’s skin transmit information about this sensation to Shalanda’s spinal cord and brain. Which type of neuron is responsible for this process?

Question 13 Humans have _____ chromosomes.

Question 14 Which of the following DOES NOT describe functions of the autonomic nervous system?

Question 15 Dr. Williamson conducts research examining the effects of electrical stimulation in certain parts of the brain. Dr. Williamson has found that stimulation of this part of the brain in laboratory rats will result in changes to the rats’ mating, eating, and socialization behaviors. Based on this description, which part of the brain is Dr. Williamson most likely to be studying?

Question 16 Endorphins are similar in chemical structure to which drug?

Question 17 Which of the following does NOT occur during the refractory period?

Question 18 After a motorcycle accident in which she wasn’t wearing a helmet, Vanessa has difficulty responding emotionally to unpleasant stimuli. Vanessa most likely experienced damage to which brain structure?

Question 19 Regarding the relationship between the nervous system and the endocrine system, which of the following statements is best described as FALSE?

Question 20 The resting potential of a neuron is a result of the

Part V:

Question 1 Your heartbeat, digestion, and pupil contractions are ______ processes regulated by the ______ nervous system.

Question 2 Your anatomy professor states that today’s lecture will be about the central nervous system. Which parts of the body do you expect to learn about?

Question 3 A familial association study is used to determine

Question 4 Chemical messengers that transport nerve impulses from one nerve cell to another are called

Question 5 Depolarization occurs when the neuron becomes

Question 6 Which part of a neuron may range in size from a few thousandths of an inch to several feet long?

Question 7 The brain has ______ major parts and they are called the ______.

Question 8 Juan eats a meal full of sugar and starches. In response, his pancreas releases insulin into the bloodstream which stimulates his cells to draw more glucose from his blood. This decreases the level of glucose in Juan’s body and, eventually, the pancreas reduces its insulin secretion. Juan’s endocrine system is engaging in which process?

Question 9 Adoptee studies describe efforts to

Question 10 Which of the following situations is the type of physical functioning primarily influenced by the parasympathetic nervous system?

Question 11 Glial cells do all but which of the following?

Question 12 The brain and the spinal cord make up the

Question 13 Regarding language dominance and handedness, which of the following statements is TRUE?

Question 14 Which technique can best be described as using the measurement of radioactive isotopes to evaluate the activity of the brain?

Question 15 After a neuron fires, about how long is its refractory period?

Question 16 Which of the following neurotransmitters prevents neurons from overly exciting adjacent nerve cells?

Question 17 In a split­brain research study, what will happen when a pencil is presented in the patient’s visual field?

Question 18 Which of these best identifies the soma’s function?

Question 19 Regarding the relationship between the nervous system and the endocrine system, which of the following statements is best described as FALSE?

Question 20 Shelley drinks two caffeinated grande lattes every morning. In terms of neurotransmission, what is happening in Shelley’s body?

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