HIS10B UCSC Social Political and Economic Factors that Shaped the 1980’s 1.Discuss the social, political, and economic factors that shaped the 1980’s and t

HIS10B UCSC Social Political and Economic Factors that Shaped the 1980’s 1.Discuss the social, political, and economic factors that shaped the 1980’s and the rise of the “New Right”. 2.The year 1968 has often been considered a watershed moment in U..S history as various events that year challenged the systems of power and domination in U.S. Discuss how the social movements, both pre-1968 and post-1968 exuded the maxim: “The system becomes the target” in the United States. 3.The years between 1929 and the 1980’s would prove to be transformative for the role the federal government played in U.S. society. Discuss the specific ways the federal government evolved and attempted to address various issues in the U.S. throughout these decades. One page each. Write a outline for each essay. ,
SOME IIEED.S FOR THE
POOR PEOPLE’S CAMPAIGII
···
e Local. support committees
e Discussions in churches and
The poor people of America will demand decent jobs
and incorhe in massive demonstrations in our nation’s
capital, Washington, D.C., this spring.
The Poor People’s Campaign, starting in April, is being
organized by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern
Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) with the support
and participation of many local groups and individuals.
WHO WILL BE IN THE POOR PEOPLE’S CAMPAIGN?
At the start, several thousand poor people will go to Washington. We will be young and
old, jobless fathers, welfare mothers, farmers and laborers. We are Negroes, American
Indians, Puerto Ricans, Mexican-Americans, poor white people.
WHERE DO THESE POOR PEOPLE LIVE?
All across the nation. SCLC
is recruiting poor people in I 0 big cities and five Southern states. Poor people in all other communities and cities are also invited to join the
Campaign.
DO YOU HAVE TO BE POOR TO BE IN THIS CAMPAIGN?
No . Most persons at the start of the Campaign in Washington will be poor, but other
people from all walks of life must he prepared to take their place in the lines of this
campaign.
WHY ARE WE GOJN(; TO WASHINGTON?
other
comrimnity groups
e Recruitment of persons to go to Washington
• Planning demonstrations in your own
community
e Letter-writing campaigns to Congressmen and others for action against
poverty
e Publicity through leaflets, news releases,
etc. in your area
e Fund raising for transportation to Washington, local offices, housing, office
supplies . and equipment, and other
expenses
e Special services such as legal and medical aid, local transportation, baby-sitting, volunteer office work
Southern Christian leadership Conference
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., President
334 Auburn Ave., N.E.
Atlanta, Georgia 30303
Washington is the center of government power, and the national government has the money
and resources to end poverty and fight rae ism. But that government has failed to do this .
Therefore the Poor People’s Campaign wil l dem and government reforms .
WHAT WILL THE POOR PEOP/,E’S CAMPAIGN DO IN WASHINGTON?
We will
build
powerful nonviolent demonstrations on the issues of jobs, income,
welfare, health, housing, education , human rights. These massive demonstrations will
be aimed at government centers of power, and th ey will be expanded if necessary. We
must make the government face up to the fact of poverty and racism. In order to carry
out our demonstrations , we will not reveal to the government in advance exactly what we
plan to do and where we will demo nstrate.
. I
WHAT Jfi/LL Jf!E DEMAND?
We will present to the government a list of ddinite demand s involving jobs, income, and
a decent life for all poor people so that they will control their own destiny. This will
cost billions of dollars , but the richest nat ion of all time can afford to spend this money
if America is to avoid soc ial di saster..
WHAT IF THE GOVERNMENT DOES NOTHING?
We will stay until the government responds, building up the pressure for action by calling
for thousands upon thousands of people, rich and poor, to come to Washington or stand
up and be counted in demonstrations in-; their home communities.
Southern Christian leadership Conference
. I
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., President
334 Auburn Ave ., N.E .
Atlanta. GeorP”ia 3 0~0 ‘l
POOR ‘PEOPLE
111 AMERICA
Who are the poor?
The poorest Americans are 35 ~illion persons who do not have enough money for a
decent life. The. government says they fall ”
below the “poverty line,” earning less than
$3,130 a year for a family of four, or
$1,540 for an individual.
Why are people poor?
Poor people are kept in poverty because
they are kept from power. We must create
“Poor People’s Power.”
What happens to poor people’?
Poor people do not get decent jobs, decent
incomes, decent housing, decent schools,
decent health care. decent government,
decent police. Poor people do not even get
respect as human beings.
What do poor people do’?
Most poor American adults work hard every
day but are not paid enough for a decent
life for their families. Unemployment is a
severe problem. especially among men, and
the unemployment rate in many places, especially most big cities. is so high that there
is a Great Depression . Seven million people
are on welfare (mostly children, old people,
the sick, and mothers unable to work). Less
than I per cent of these people are able to
work – if they get proper training.
Rich people and poor pepole.
There is great contrast in the lives of rich
and poor people in America. For example,
a U.S. Congressman is paid nearly $600 a
week, but a Southern sharecropper’s family
sometimes earns less than $600 a year. A
maid in a big Northern city may earn $50
a week, while her rich boss may get $50 an
hour.
Can America end poverty’?
Yes. Many nations that are poorer than rich
America provide decent incomes and services for all poor people. America spends 10
times as much money on military power as
it does on welfare. The government subsubsidizes big companies and farms, and
gives tax favors to rich people, but punishes
the poor. America spends more money in
one month to kill in Vietnam than it spends
in a year for the so-called “war on poverty.”
THE TIME TO ACT IS NOW!
,
“POOR PEOPLES LIVES ARE DISRUPTED AND DISLOCATED
EVERYDAY. WE WANT TO PUT A STOP TO THIS. POVERTY,
RACISM AND DISCRily!INATION CAUSE FAMILIES TO BE
KEPT APART, MEN TO BECOME DESPERATE, WOMEN TO
LIVE IN FEAR, AND CHILDREN TO STARVE.” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.,
HOW YOIJ CAII JOIN
THE POOR PEOPLE’S
CAMPAIGII
You or your local group are welcome to
join the massive Poor People’s Campaign.
All Americans concerned about poverty can
participate – rich and poor, black and
white, young and old.
The campaign action starts in April, in
Washington, D.C. A definite date will be
announced soon.
But much wmj< must be done NOW to prepare for this campaign. If you want to work directly, you can help organize for the Campaign in your community. If you want to go to W~shington, you can begin to prepare yourself and others for this effort. If you can not work actively, you can still be in the Poor People's Campaign by contributing financial aid or services. Our resources are very limited, and we need all possible help in printed materials, supplies, offic~· space, transportation and many other expenses. PLEASE STAND UP FOR POOR PEOPLE BY CONTACTING: Rev. Bernard Lafayette, Coordinator Poor People's Campaign Southern Christian Leadership Conference 334 Auburn Ave., N.E. Atlanta, Ga. 30303 For Information or Materials : SCLC Department of Information 334 Auburn Ave., N.E. Atlanta, Ga. 30303 Tel. (404) 522-1420 Pl ease make co ntributions (checks o r money orders) payabl e to SCLC AmericanRhetoric.com Jessie Jackson Democratic National Convention Address Delivered 18 July 1984, San Francisco AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio Thank you very much. Tonight we come together bound by our faith in a mighty God, with genuine respect and love for our country, and inheriting the legacy of a great Party, the Democratic Party, which is the best hope for redirecting our nation on a more humane, just, and peaceful course. This is not a perfect party. We are not a perfect people. Yet, we are called to a perfect mission. Our mission: to feed the hungry; to clothe the naked; to house the homeless; to teach the illiterate; to provide jobs for the jobless; and to choose the human race over the nuclear race. We are gathered here this week to nominate a candidate and adopt a platform which will expand, unify, direct, and inspire our Party and the nation to fulfill this mission. My constituency is the desperate, the damned, the disinherited, the disrespected, and the despised. They are restless and seek relief. They have voted in record numbers. They have invested the faith, hope, and trust that they have in us. The Democratic Party must send them a signal that we care. I pledge my best not to let them down. There is the call of conscience, redemption, expansion, healing, and unity. Leadership must heed the call of conscience, redemption, expansion, healing, and unity, for they are the key to achieving our mission. Time is neutral and does not change things. With courage and initiative, leaders change things. Transcription by Michael E. Eidenmuller. Copyright Status: Restricted, seek permission. © 2009 Page 1 AmericanRhetoric.com No generation can choose the age or circumstance in which it is born, but through leadership it can choose to make the age in which it is born an age of enlightenment, an age of jobs, and peace, and justice. Only leadership ­­ that intangible combination of gifts, the discipline, information, circumstance, courage, timing, will and divine inspiration ­­ can lead us out of the crisis in which we find ourselves. Leadership can mitigate the misery of our nation. Leadership can part the waters and lead our nation in the direction of the Promised Land. Leadership can lift the boats stuck at the bottom. I have had the rare opportunity to watch seven men, and then two, pour out their souls, offer their service, and heal and heed the call of duty to direct the course of our nation. There is a proper season for everything. There is a time to sow and a time to reap. There's a time to compete and a time to cooperate. I ask for your vote on the first ballot as a vote for a new direction for this Party and this nation ­­ a vote of conviction, a vote of conscience. But I will be proud to support the nominee of this convention for the Presidency of the United States of America. Thank you. I have watched the leadership of our party develop and grow. My respect for both Mr. Mondale and Mr. Hart is great. I have watched them struggle with the crosswinds and crossfires of being public servants, and I believe they will both continue to try to serve us faithfully. I am elated by the knowledge that for the first time in our history a woman, Geraldine Ferraro, will be recommended to share our ticket. Throughout this campaign, I've tried to offer leadership to the Democratic Party and the nation. If, in my high moments, I have done some good, offered some service, shed some light, healed some wounds, rekindled some hope, or stirred someone from apathy and indifference, or in any way along the way helped somebody, then this campaign has not been in vain. For friends who loved and cared for me, and for a God who spared me, and for a family who understood, I am eternally grateful. If, in my low moments, in word, deed or attitude, through some error of temper, taste, or tone, I have caused anyone discomfort, created pain, or revived someone's fears, that was not my truest self. If there were occasions when my grape turned into a raisin and my joy bell lost its resonance, please forgive me. Charge it to my head and not to my heart. My head ­­ so limited in its finitude; my heart, which is boundless in its love for the human family. I am not a perfect servant. I am a public servant doing my best against the odds. As I develop and serve, be patient: God is not finished with me yet. This campaign has taught me much; that leaders must be tough enough to fight, tender enough to cry, human enough to make mistakes, humble enough to admit them, strong enough to absorb the pain, and resilient enough to bounce back and keep on moving. Transcription by Michael E. Eidenmuller. Copyright Status: Restricted, seek permission. © 2009 Page 2 AmericanRhetoric.com For leaders, the pain is often intense. But you must smile through your tears and keep moving with the faith that there is a brighter side somewhere. I went to see Hubert Humphrey three days before he died. He had just called Richard Nixon from his dying bed, and many people wondered why. And I asked him. He said, "Jesse, from this vantage point, the sun is setting in my life, all of the speeches, the political conventions, the crowds, and the great fights are behind me now. At a time like this you are forced to deal with your irreducible essence, forced to grapple with that which is really important to you. And what I've concluded about life," Hubert Humphrey said, "When all is said and done, we must forgive each other, and redeem each other, and move on." Our party is emerging from one of its most hard fought battles for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination in our history. But our healthy competition should make us better, not bitter. We must use the insight, wisdom, and experience of the late Hubert Humphrey as a balm for the wounds in our Party, this nation, and the world. We must forgive each other, redeem each other, regroup, and move one. Our flag is red, white and blue, but our nation is a rainbow ­­ red, yellow, brown, black and white ­­ and we're all precious in God's sight. America is not like a blanket ­­ one piece of unbroken cloth, the same color, the same texture, the same size. America is more like a quilt: many patches, many pieces, many colors, many sizes, all woven and held together by a common thread. The white, the Hispanic, the black, the Arab, the Jew, the woman, the native American, the small farmer, the businessperson, the environmentalist, the peace activist, the young, the old, the lesbian, the gay, and the disabled make up the American quilt. Even in our fractured state, all of us count and fit somewhere. We have proven that we can survive without each other. But we have not proven that we can win and make progress without each other. We must come together. From Fannie Lou Hamer in Atlantic City in 1964 to the Rainbow Coalition in San Francisco today; from the Atlantic to the Pacific, we have experienced pain but progress, as we ended American apartheid laws. We got public accommodations. We secured voting rights. We obtained open housing, as young people got the right to vote. We lost Malcolm, Martin, Medgar, Bobby, John, and Viola. The team that got us here must be expanded, not abandoned. Twenty years ago, tears welled up in our eyes as the bodies of Schwerner, Goodman, and Chaney were dredged from the depths of a river in Mississippi. Twenty years later, our communities, black and Jewish, are in anguish, anger, and pain. Feelings have been hurt on both sides. There is a crisis in communications. Confusion is in the air. But we cannot afford to lose our way. We may agree to agree; or agree to disagree on issues; we must bring back civility to these tensions. We are co­partners in a long and rich religious history ­­ the Judeo­Christian traditions. Many blacks and Jews have a shared passion for social justice at home and peace abroad. We must seek a revival of the spirit, inspired by a new vision and new possibilities. We must return to higher ground. Transcription by Michael E. Eidenmuller. Copyright Status: Restricted, seek permission. © 2009 Page 3 AmericanRhetoric.com We are bound by Moses and Jesus, but also connected with Islam and Mohammed. These three great religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, were all born in the revered and holy city of Jerusalem. We are bound by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rabbi Abraham Heschel, crying out from their graves for us to reach common ground. We are bound by shared blood and shared sacrifices. We are much too intelligent, much too bound by our Judeo­Christian heritage, much too victimized by racism, sexism, militarism, and anti­Semitism, much too threatened as historical scapegoats to go on divided one from another. We must turn from finger pointing to clasped hands. We must share our burdens and our joys with each other once again. We must turn to each other and not on each other and choose higher ground. Twenty years later, we cannot be satisfied by just restoring the old coalition. Old wine skins must make room for new wine. We must heal and expand. The Rainbow Coalition is making room for Arab Americans. They, too, know the pain and hurt of racial and religious rejection. They must not continue to be made pariahs. The Rainbow Coalition is making room for Hispanic Americans who this very night are living under the threat of the Simpson­Mazzoli bill; and farm workers from Ohio who are fighting the Campbell Soup Company with a boycott to achieve legitimate workers' rights. The Rainbow is making room for the Native American, the most exploited people of all, a people with the greatest moral claim amongst us. We support them as they seek the restoration of their ancient land and claim amongst us. We support them as they seek the restoration of land and water rights, as they seek to preserve their ancestral homeland and the beauty of a land that was once all theirs. They can never receive a fair share for all they have given us. They must finally have a fair chance to develop their great resources and to preserve their people and their culture. The Rainbow Coalition includes Asian Americans, now being killed in our streets ­­ scapegoats for the failures of corporate, industrial, and economic policies. The Rainbow is making room for the young Americans. Twenty years ago, our young people were dying in a war for which they could not even vote. Twenty years later, young America has the power to stop a war in Central America and the responsibility to vote in great numbers. Young America must be politically active in 1984. The choice is war or peace. We must make room for young America. The Rainbow includes disabled veterans. The color scheme fits in the Rainbow. The disabled have their handicap revealed and their genius concealed; while the able­bodied have their genius revealed and their disability concealed. But ultimately, we must judge people by their values and their contribution. Don't leave anybody out. I would rather have Roosevelt in a wheelchair than Reagan on a horse. The Rainbow is making room for small farmers. They have suffered tremendously under the Reagan regime. They will either receive 90 percent parity or 100 percent charity. We must address their concerns and make room for them. The Rainbow includes lesbians and gays. No American citizen ought be denied equal protection from the law. Transcription by Michael E. Eidenmuller. Copyright Status: Restricted, seek permission. © 2009 Page 4 AmericanRhetoric.com We must be unusually committed and caring as we expand our family to include new members. All of us must be tolerant and understanding as the fears and anxieties of the rejected and the party leadership express themselves in many different ways. Too often what we call hate ­­ as if it were some deeply­rooted philosophy or strategy ­­ is simply ignorance, anxiety, paranoia, fear, and insecurity. To be strong leaders, we must be long­suffering as we seek to right the wrongs of our Party and our nation. We must expand our Party, heal our Party, and unify our Party. That is our mission in 1984. We are often reminded that we live in a great nation ­­ and we do. But it can be greater still. The Rainbow is mandating a new definition of greatness. We must not measure greatness from the mansion down, but the manger up. Jesus said that we should not be judged by the bark we wear but by the fruit that we bear. Jesus said that we must measure greatness by how we treat the least of these. President Reagan says the nation is in recovery. Those 90,000 corporations that made a profit last year but paid no federal taxes are recovering. The 37,000 military contractors who have benefited from Reagan's more than doubling of the military budget in peacetime, surely they are recovering. The big corporations and rich individuals who received the bulk of a three­ year, multibillion tax cut from Mr. Reagan are recovering. But no such recovery is under way for the least of these. Rising tides don't lift all boats, particularly those stuck at the bottom. 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