Assignment: Biology for Health Professionals
The objective of this assignment is to provide you with experience in evaluating scientific research papers. The abilities to understand and critically analyze the results of a scientific journal article are critical in the healthcare field. For this assignment, you will evaluate how the scientific method has been applied in a peer-reviewed journal article.
For this assignment, you are required to provide a summary of the scientific method as it was presented by the journal authors. Refer to the following information when completing your paper.
The paper shall be about 2-4 pages in length, double-spaced, and 12-font type.
Include your name at the top right hand corner of the first page.
Title: The title should be centered at the top of the first page of your paper, single-spaced, in 12-font type. Choose a title that concisely explains the topic of your paper.
A title page is not required.
Evaluation of Scientific Method and Research:
Identify and describe the following components of the scientific method in the body of your paper:
Section 1: Definitions and Observations
Definition of Terms and Concepts: Define any important terms and concepts so that the reader understands the topic of the journal article. You will likely need to reference aIDitional sources of information. Make sure you properly cite the source(s) of your information.
Observations and Previous Studies: Describe the observations that led the authors to conduct this study. This information can usually be found in the background information and discussion sections of the article. Describe at least one previous study that led the authors to investigate the current topic.
Question: In your own words, state the question that the authors are trying to answer in their experiment. The question should be specific enough that it leads to the framing of a good hypothesis. This should be written in the form of a question.
Section 2: Hypothesis and Experimental Design
Hypothesis: State the hypothesis provided by the authors of the article. Make sure that you identify the statement as the hypothesis (i.e., “The hypothesis is…”). The hypothesis should be written in your own words. It should be specific and written in the proper format.
Experiment: Describe the experiment as it is outlined in the journal article. The following components must be included:
Independent variable: State the independent variable.
Dependent variable: State the dependent variable.
Controlled (constant) variables: List the controlled variables used by the authors during the experiment.
Control and experimental groups: Identify the control and experimental groups.
Description of experiment and data collection: Describe the steps of the experiment. Include a description of how data and results were collected. You will need to cite the journal article as the source for the details.
Section 3: Summary and Interpretation of Results
This section requires that you read the article, summarize the results with specific details from graphics in the paper, and explain the results of the study. This section will be 1 – 3 paragraphs long, depending on the paper. This section must contain the following:
Summary of results: Describe the results of the authors’ experiment for each dependent variable. Be specific and include examples of the qualitative and/or quantitative results. Compare and contrast the results of the control and experimental groups.
Reference to graphic: Choose one results table, graph, or diagram from the paper and refer to it during your summary of results. The graphic must describe results, NOT the experimental design nor the demographics of the subjects.
Explain what information is being presented in the graphic. This information is often found in the title of the graphic and/or the caption.
Describe the results presented in the graphic. Give SPECIFIC examples of quantitative and/or qualitative data presented in the graphic. Cite your journal article as the source of this data.
Explain what the results presented in the graphic mean in detail.
Explanation of results: Explain the results as if you were explaining them to a patient or family member. Interpret and summarize them in lay person’s language. What is the significance and health/medical application of this study? Write this as if you are actually explaining to the patient.
Analysis of hypothesis: Discuss whether the hypothesis was supported or refuted. Why or why not?
Section 4: Discussion
Discuss the validity and future implications of the research. You should discuss at least two of the following points. You must cite outside sources to support your statements.
Was the experiment designed and conducted according to proper scientific method? Give specific examples of how it did or did not follow the scientific method.
Are the authors’ results supported by or in opposition to research conducted by other scientists?
What aIDitional research or experimentation is needed? What would you recommend to further investigate this topic?
What are the implications of this research (i.e., what is its use in the “real world?”)? How does this research aID to the basic field of study or to the disease process specifically?
AIDitional resources are required in this paper. They may be helpful in understanding the observations (background) and analyzing the results of the experiments. An aIDitional source is required for both of your discussion points. AIDitional resources must be cited in the paper and reference page.
Citations within paper (in-text or parenthetical citations):
You must provide proper citation of all references (including your article) throughout the paper. In-text citations tell the reader where paraphrased or quoted information came from.
Paraphrasing is putting the ideas from a resource in your own words. When paraphrasing, it is not sufficient to change only one word of a sentence! See me if you are unclear on how to paraphrase. If you copy word-for-word from a resource, you must put the quoted (word-for-word) material in quotation marks. The majority of the paper should be in your own words or paraphrasing, not direct quotations from resources.
Follow APA style for in-text citations. Refer to the APA Citation Guide and the following HCC webpage for more information on how to cite sources within the body of your paper: http://www.harford.edu/library/citation_resources/style_guides/apaintext.pdf
Failure to appropriately cite resources within the body of your paper or to include quotation marks around any word-for-word quotations will be considered plagiarism. Plagiarism may result in loss of points and possibly a zero for the assignment.
http://www.harford.edu/library/tutorials/captivate_tutorials/apa.htm provides a tutorial on how to create a reference page and how to cite sources within your paper. You should complete this tutorial as part of your preparations for this assignment. AIDitional APA citation information can be found at http://www.harford.edu/library/citation_resources/ and at http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx
This reference page will include the citation for the source of the article and for all sources consulted. Follow APA style for the citations. Use the APA Citation Guide on Blackboard to complete your reference page and in-text citations.
Article: Bioactives in Blueberries Improve Insulin Sensitivity in Obese, Insulin-Resistant Men and Women by April J. Stull, Katherine C. Cash, William D. Johnson, Catherine M. Champagne, and William T. Cefalu.
Why Choose Us
Top quality papers
We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.
Professional academic writers
We have hired a team of professional writers experienced in academic and business writing. Most of them are native speakers and PhD holders able to take care of any assignment you need help with.
If you feel that we missed something, send the order for a free revision. You will have 10 days to send the order for revision after you receive the final paper. You can either do it on your own after signing in to your personal account or by contacting our support.
All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.
Original & confidential
We use several checkers to make sure that all papers you receive are plagiarism-free. Our editors carefully go through all in-text citations. We also promise full confidentiality in all our services.
24/7 Customer Support
Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.
You are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper. Our academic experts will gladly help you with essays, case studies, research papers and other assignments.
Admission help & business writing
You can be positive that we will be here 24/7 to help you get accepted to the Master’s program at the TOP-universities or help you get a well-paid position.
Editing your paper
Our academic writers and editors will help you submit a well-structured and organized paper just on time. We will ensure that your final paper is of the highest quality and absolutely free of mistakes.
Revising your paper
Our academic writers and editors will help you with unlimited number of revisions in case you need any customization of your academic papers
Hello The Homework Helpers Support