Compare and Contrast Daguerreotype vs Calotype Photography Essay compare and contrast daguerreotype vs calotypePhotograph 1 : daguerreotype Photograph 2: C

Compare and Contrast Daguerreotype vs Calotype Photography Essay compare and contrast daguerreotype vs calotypePhotograph 1 : daguerreotype Photograph 2: Calotype Feel free to discuss the processes used to make them, their content, characteristics (both visually and physically), as well as give your own opinion of which you prefer and why. This should be at least 500 words. chapte r two : the dague rreotype
Sabbath by daguerreotyping these characters in the most
obscene positions.30
In fact, the frankness and voyeuristic quality of
the camera image allowed it to take over the underground market of erotic art. Among the Broadway
operators, rumors circulated about unscrupulous
individuals making illegal pornographic daguerreotypes after hours and on Sundays. The realism of the
daguerreotype added to the licentiousness of such
imagery. Their illegal nature and no doubt premium
price kept the audience for these secretive pictures
Picture factories prospered due to management
practices that promoted aggressive advertising, used
smaller-sized plates to cut expenses, relied on a division
of labor to speed up the operation, and encouraged a
relaxed attitude towards aesthetic and technical standards. Long before Henry Ford, Broadway’s Reese &
Company used an assembly-line approach, with each
employee performing a specialized task. A customer
purchased tickets for the desired number of sittings and
an operator made a corresponding number of plates,
following rigid posing formulas. The plates had been
prepared by a polisher and a coater, and then brought
to the operator for the posing. Next, the exposed
plates were passed to a “mercurializer” who developed
them through fuming with mercury. A gilder toned
them, and, for an extra fee, an artist would hand-tint
them. After being set into individual casings, the plates
were delivered in as little as 15 minutes. Generally, the
camera operator never saw the finished pictures. Sitters
kept the ones they wanted and disposed of the rest;
no refunds or reshoots were given. Abraham Bogardus (1822—1908), who ran a successful photographic
studio on Broadway in New York and in 1869 was
elected the first president of the National Photographic Association, recalled a customer who protested
that, “My picture looks like the Devil,” to which the
Broadway portraitist responded, “I had never seen that
personage and could not say as to the resemblance, but
sometimes a likeness ran all through families.”32
SAMUEL J. MILLER (1822–1888). Frederick Douglass, circa 1847–52.
5½ x 41?8 inches. Daguerreotype.
Douglass, a former slave and leading abolitionist, frequently had his
portrait made, thought photography to be the most democratic of the arts
and considered it to be an important tool in the drive to end slavery in
the United States.33
African Americans were in the business as well, building a wealth of images in a community where most
portraits previously did not exist. Jules Lion is credited with inaugurating the daguerreotype in New
Orleans. From 1843 to 1853 Augustus Washington
operated daguerrean studios in Hartford, CT, before
moving to Liberia, where he also made daguerreotypes. In New York City, Berthe Wehnert ran a
seizing the light
respecting the distinctive features of Negro physiognomy. We
have heard many white persons say, that ‘Negroes look all
alike,’ and that they could not distinguish between the old
and the young.They associate with the Negro face, high cheek
bones, distended nostril, depressed nose, thick lips, and retreating foreheads. This theory impressed strongly upon the mind
of an artist exercises a powerful influence over his pencil, and
very naturally leads him to distort and exaggerate those peculiarities, even when they scarcely exist in the original.34
James Presley Ball, Sr. (1825–1904), a free lightskinned, African American man35 became a daguerreotypist after studying with John B. Bailey, a black
daguerrean from Boston, at White Sulphur Springs,
(now West) Virginia. Born in Virginia, Ball spent his
youth in Cincinnati. Between several attempts to
establish a gallery in his hometown, Ball worked as an
itinerant operator, before succeeding there in 1849.
He opened a second Cincinnati gallery on New Year’s
Day in 1851, the nationally known “Great Daguerrean Gallery of the West.” An active abolitionist, Ball
commissioned Ball’s Splendid Mammoth Pictorial Tour of
the United States Comprising Views of the African Slave
Trade… . 36 a 1,800-foot long painted panorama that
depicted scenes related to slavery, from capture in West
Africa to freedom in Canada. Thousands viewed the
painting in Cincinnati and Boston. Ball’s gallery was
destroyed by a tornado in 1860 and his friends helped
re-outfit it, which would gain the reputation as “the
finest photographic gallery west of the Allegheny
Mountains.”37 Ball photographed prominent sitters
like Frederick Douglass and the family of Ulysses S.
Grant. Working with his son, James P. Ball, Jr., they
later opened studios in Minneapolis; Helena, Montana; and Seattle. Ball’s best-known series was made
in Helena in 1896, of the execution of William Biggerstaff, who was convicted of murdering a black man.
A group of cabinet cards show Biggerstaff first sitting
pensively in a chair, then hooded and suspended from
the hangman’s noose, and finally stiffly laid out in
his coffin. A similar series depicts William Gay, Biggerstaff ’s cellmate and another convicted murderer.
AUGUSTUS WASHINGTON. John Brown, circa 1847.
3¼ x 4¼ inches. Daguerreotype.
This daguerreotype of abolitionist John Brown was taken by African
American photographer Augustus Washington twelve years before
Brown led his aborted slave insurrection in Harpers Ferry, West
Virginia. Before the introduction of the daguerreotype, it is unlikely
that a workingperson like Brown would have a likeness for future
generations to ponder.
calotype studio. In an era of slavery, oppression, and
violence Frederick Douglass addressed the issue of
self-representation in The Liberator, a Boston-based
abolitionist newspaper, published by William Lloyd
Garrison between 1831 and 1865.
Negroes can never have impartial portraits, at the hands of
white artists. It seems to us next to impossible for white men
to take likenesses of black men, without most grossly exaggerating their distinctive features. And the reason is obvious.
Artists, like all other white persons, have adopted a theory

Purchase answer to see full

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Compare and Contrast Daguerreotype vs Calotype Photography Essay compare and contrast daguerreotype vs calotypePhotograph 1 : daguerreotype Photograph 2: C
Get an essay WRITTEN FOR YOU, Plagiarism free, and by an EXPERT!
Order Essay
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Top quality papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional academic writers

We have hired a team of professional writers experienced in academic and business writing. Most of them are native speakers and PhD holders able to take care of any assignment you need help with.

Free revisions

If you feel that we missed something, send the order for a free revision. You will have 10 days to send the order for revision after you receive the final paper. You can either do it on your own after signing in to your personal account or by contacting our support.

On-time delivery

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & confidential

We use several checkers to make sure that all papers you receive are plagiarism-free. Our editors carefully go through all in-text citations. We also promise full confidentiality in all our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

You are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper. Our academic experts will gladly help you with essays, case studies, research papers and other assignments.


Admission help & business writing

You can be positive that we will be here 24/7 to help you get accepted to the Master’s program at the TOP-universities or help you get a well-paid position.


Editing your paper

Our academic writers and editors will help you submit a well-structured and organized paper just on time. We will ensure that your final paper is of the highest quality and absolutely free of mistakes.


Revising your paper

Our academic writers and editors will help you with unlimited number of revisions in case you need any customization of your academic papers