MGT 360 Marthin Luther King Jr Leadership Please think of your favorite leader (or, if you do not have a favorite leader, any leader or a comic figure, etc

MGT 360 Marthin Luther King Jr Leadership Please think of your favorite leader (or, if you do not have a favorite leader, any leader or a comic figure, etc.) and answer all of the following questions. Try not to exceed a total of three to four pages for your responses (that is, approximately one page answer per question). Use your own words to answer the question and summarize your answer in a writing assignment (Times New Roman 12).

Please familiarize yourself with the submission process prior to the assignment due date. Late submissions will not be accepted. This is an individual assignment and you should not complete this assignment in teams. Grades will be based 70% on correct application of theory and 30% on grammar and writing.

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Please proofread your responses to ALL questions carefully. If sentences are not clear they will not be evaluated.

A. What traits does the leader possess that you think make this leader effective? How would you describe this leaders’ personality?

B. Which behavior (leadership styles) does the leader demonstrate?

C. Which of the ‘newer’ leadership (e.g., LMX, transformational leadership, etc.) approaches apply? Department of Management
Leadership Lecture Slides: Dr. Hoch
Learning Goals
? What is leadership?
? What are traits of effective leaders?
? What are behaviors of effective
? How does leadership style depend on
? Types of leadership: transformational,
transactional, servant, and authentic
Before We Begin…
• What famous leaders can you
think of?
• What makes them so effective?
• What attributes do famous
leaders have?
• How do they behave?
The Dancer – Leadership lessons:

Examples of Leaders from Various Fields
• Adventure
– Neil Armstrong
– Amelia Earhardt
– Wright Brothers
• Political
Winston Churchill
Ben Franklin
Thomas Jefferson
John Kennedy
Nelson Mandella
Martin Luther King
• Science
– Albert Einstein
• Spiritual
– Daili Lama
– Mother Teresa
• Business/Corporate
Steve Jobs
Bill Gates
Marissa Mayer
Renee James (Intel President)
• Sports
– Muhammud Ali
– Michael Jordan
– Tiger Woods
Evolution of Leadership Theories
depends on
the setting
Great people
are leaders
Skills vs.
can be trained
Leadership is the act of influencing
others to work toward a goal
Formal leaders
hold a position
of authority
• Utilize their
position and their
personal power to
influence others
Informal leaders
are without a
formal position
• Influencing others
through personal
forms of power
Leadership and Management
Management – Produces Order and
Leadership – Produces Change and
• Planning and Budgeting
• Establish Direction
? Establish agendas
? Set timetables
? Allocate resources
? Create a vision
? Clarify the big picture
? Set strategies
• Organizing and Staffing
• Aligning People
? Provide structure
? Make job placements
? Establish rules and procedures
? Communicate goals
? Seek commitment
? Build teams and coalitions
• Controlling and Problem Solving
• Motivating and Inspiring
? Develop incentives
? Generate creative solutions
? Take corrective action
? Inspire and energize
? Empower subordinates
? Satisfy unmet needs
Functions of Management and Leadership (Kotter, 1990)

Trait Approaches to
Open to
What Do Leaders Do?
Behavioral Approaches to Leadership
Task oriented leader
behaviors involve
structuring the roles of
subordinates, providing
them with instructions and
behaving in ways that will
increase the performance of
the group
*Task oriented behaviors are
directives given to employees
to get things done and to
ensure that organizational
goals are met
People oriented leader
behaviors include showing
concern for employee
feelings and treating
employees with respect
*People oriented leaders
genuinely care about the well
being of their employees and
they demonstrate their
concern in their actions and
Leadership Behaviors
1) Autocratic
Kurt Lewin
2) Democratic
(University of Iowa) 3) Laissez-faire
Ohio State
1) Initiation
2) Consideration
1) Production-oriented
University of Michigan 2) Employee-oriented
Managerial Grid
1) Concern for production
2) Concern for people
Contingency Approaches to
The Role of Context
Hersey &
Vroom and
Vroom and Yetton- Leadership
The decision tree approach
is a guide leaders can use to
decide how participative
they should be given
decision environment
Leader Decision Making
• Leader makes the decision
• Employees participate in the
making of the decision
• Employees make decision and
leader provides minimum
Telling/directing *Employees are committed but
need constant direction
Selling/coaching *Leaders encourage and
collaborate to gain results
Participating/supporting *Leaders provide
guidance and employees make decisions
Delegating *Leaders assign and make
employees responsible
Democratic Decision Making Style
Sergey Brin, Google
co-founder, is known
for his democratic
decision making style
Steve Jobs talks
Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Theory
High quality LMX
relationships have
mutual respect between
the leader and the
Low quality LMX
relationships portray
lower levels of trust and
respect between leaders
and followers
Mandela: Inspiring leadership by Example:

Transactional Leadership
*Employees demonstrate the right behaviors
because the leader provides resources in
Transformational Leadership
*Employees focus on company’s well being
rather than individual pursuits
Transformational leaders lead
employees by aligning employee goals
with the leader’s goals
Leading by
Authentic Leadership
Leaders are self aware
Not afraid to act the
Possess high levels of
way they are
personal integrity
Leaders are introspective
Understand where they
are coming from
Retain a thorough understanding of
their own values and priorities
Servant Leadership
Defines the leader’s role as serving the needs of
The primary mission of the leader is to develop
employees and help them reach their goals
Servant leaders put their employees first, understand
their personal needs and desires, empower them, and
help them develop in their careers
Ethical Leadership
Ethical leaders seek to do the right thing and
conduct their lives and leadership roles in an
ethical manner (Brown & Trevin?o, 2006).
Ethical leadership: “the demonstration of normatively appropriate conduct through
personal actions and interpersonal relationships, and the promotion of such conduct
to followers through two-way communication, reinforcement, and decisionmaking” (Brown et al, 2005: 120).
• trait (i.e., the
moral person)
• behavior (i.e., the
moral manager)

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