FNU President of US when The Federal Reserve Was Created Answers This week you are to complete a Library Scavenger Hunt assignment. Through this exercise, you will practice your research and documentation skills. You may complete this assignment by using either online or library resources. To successfully complete the library research assignment, you must answer each of the questions on the Library Scavenger Hunt document (accessible, as an attachment, through the Week Five link above). Your grade on this assignment is based on how you answer each question and how you document your sources. In addition to the MLA documentation information provided in your textbook’s Appendix, you should also reference the External Links section of your course to access updated information on MLA documentation through the “MLA Formatting and Style Guide.” Refer to this resource, your Lectures – Week Five folder, and your course textbook’s Appendix when responding to the questions within the Library Scavenger Hunt assignment. As mentioned above, your grade on this assignment is also dependent upon how you document your sources (the “MLA Formatting and Style Guide” and the textbook’s Appendix will tell you how to properly cite your sources using MLA documentation guidelines). The purpose of this paper is to analyze, synthesize, and discuss the perspectives,
viewpoints, and ideas discussed during the week in the course materials and
lectures. In this way, we will engage in historical / cultural analysis, make crosscultural comparisons and connections, and further develop writing skills.
Response #2 Topics (Choose ONE; be sure to clearly identify which topic you
chose in your paper somewhere)
The minimum word-count for this assignment is 350-words.
1. Discuss the literary vampire from its origins in Polidori’s “The Vampyre” to it’s popular and
enduring incarnation in Stoker’s “Dracula.” In what ways are the vampires in these stories
different from the folkloric vampire? How are they similar? What similar themes do you notice
regarding the interaction between the female and male characters with the powerful vampire
2. The character of Dracula embodies many themes, but one of these is certainly fear of the
cultural and ethnic “other.” How is this theme presented in the films “Blade” and “Blackula”? In
what ways are the stories of these modern vampires similar and different to that of Count
Dracula? What similarities can be drawn between the cultural significance of these films in
American culture to that of Dracula for a 20th-century English audience?
Ideally, you will structure your paper as follows.
1. A clear statement of your main idea or thesis on the subject.
2. Connections between the topic and the course material (readings and class
3. A brief summation and a final statement that represents the key take-away /
idea from your paper.
You may deviate from this structure, but the majority of the paper should be given to
drawing your own connections between the course materials. You do not have a lot of
space, so be sure to get straight to the point and not worry about making a lengthy
introduction or conclusion.
You should consider the course materials both individually and collectively. Consider
the any key claims or arguments from the materials, the strengths and weaknesses of
authors’ arguments, possible counterarguments, how the texts relate to one another (do
they agree or disagree?, formulate the problem in different ways?, strengthen or
weaken each other’s argument?), and why the problem(s) or argument(s) are
interesting or important.
You should NOT summarize the texts or worry about re-telling ideas or a plot (if
discussing a narrative); assume the reader is familiar with the texts
referenced. No more than 50 words may be devoted to plot synopsis. You need to
react and respond to the materials, making connections which will lead to
analysis. Any personal opinions included in the essay should be based on thoughtful
analysis of the topic and materials themselves.
Criteria for Formatting & Submission
Your scene analysis should:
Be typed, double-spaced, with no changes to the margins
Be in Calibri 11 or Times New Roman 12 font
Be spell- and grammar-checked
Include your name, but do not put your student ID number on the paper.
Include the following information in the upper-left of your paper:
Include a title that connects in a meaningful way with your essay
You do not need to include additional outside references beyond the course
materials in your essay; if you do include them, you should cite them in MLA
or APA format (your choice, just be consistent) in a bibliography, which does
not count towards the 350-word requirement.
Quotes should be kept to a minimum so you can focus on analyzing and
connecting ideas. No citation is necessary unless you are including a work not
read for the course (see the point above).
The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Vampyre; A Tale, by John William Polidori
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: The Vampyre; A Tale
Author: John William Polidori
Posting Date: October 21, 2009 [EBook #6087]
Release Date: July, 2004
First Posted: November 3, 2002
[Last updated: May 25, 2012]
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE VAMPYRE; A TALE ***
Produced by an anonymous Project Gutenberg volunteer.
By John William Polidori
PRINTED FOR SHERWOOD, NEELY, AND JONES
[Entered at Stationers’ Hall, March 27, 1819]
Gillet, Printer, Crown Court, Fleet Street, London.
EXTRACT OF A LETTER
“I breathe freely in the neighbourhood of this lake; the ground upon which I tread has been
subdued from the earliest ages; the principal objects which immediately strike my eye, bring to
my recollection scenes, in which man acted the hero and was the chief object of interest. Not to
look back to earlier times of battles and sieges, here is the bust of Rousseau—here is a house with
an inscription denoting that the Genevan philosopher first drew breath under its roof. A little out
of the town is Ferney, the residence of Voltaire; where that wonderful, though certainly in many
respects contemptible, character, received, like the hermits of old, the visits of pilgrims, not only
from his own nation, but from the farthest boundaries of Europe. Here too is Bonnet’s abode, and,
a few steps beyond, the house of that astonishing woman Madame de Stael: perhaps the first of
her sex, who has really proved its often claimed equality with, the nobler man. We have before
had women who have written interesting novels and poems, in which their tact at observing
drawing-room characters has availed them; but never since the days of Heloise have those faculties
which are peculiar to man, been developed as the possible inheritance of woman. Though even
here, as in the case of Heloise, our sex have not been backward in alledging the existence of an
Abeilard in the person of M. Schlegel as the inspirer of her works. But to proceed: upon the same
side of the lake, Gibbon, Bonnivard, Bradshaw, and others mark, as it were, the stages for our
progress; whilst upon the other side there is one house, built by Diodati, the friend of Milton, which
has contained within its walls, for several months, that poet whom we have so often read together,
and who—if human passions remain the same, and human feelings, like chords, on being swept
by nature’s impulses shall vibrate as before—will be placed by posterity in the first rank of our
English Poets. You must have heard, or the Third Canto of Childe Harold will have informed you,
that Lord Byron resided many months in this neighbourhood. I went with some friends a few days
ago, after having seen Ferney, to view this mansion. I trod the floors with the same feelings of awe
and respect as we did, together, those of Shakespeare’s dwelling at Stratford. I sat down in a chair
of the saloon, and satisfied myself that I was resting on what he had made his constant seat. I found
a servant there who had lived with him; she, however, gave me but little information. She pointed
out his bed-chamber upon the same level as the saloon and dining-room, and informed me that he
retired to rest at three, got up at two, and employed himself a long time over his toilette; that he
never went to sleep without a pair of pistols and a dagger by his side, and that he never ate animal
food. He apparently spent some part of every day upon the lake in an English boat. There is a
balcony from the saloon which looks upon the lake and the mountain Jura; and I imagine, that it
must have been hence, he contemplated the storm so magnificently described in the Third Canto;
for you have from here a most extensive view of all the points he has therein depicted. I can fancy
him like the scathed pine, whilst all around was sunk to repose, still waking to observe, what gave
but a weak image of the storms which had desolated his own breast.
The sky is changed!—and such a change; Oh, night!
And storm and darkness, ye are wond’rous strong,
Yet lovely in your strength, as is the light
Of a dark eye in woman! Far along
From peak to peak, the rattling crags among,
Leaps the lire thunder! Not from one lone cloud,
But every mountain now hath found a tongue,
And Jura answers thro’ her misty shroud,
Back to the joyous Alps who call to her aloud!
And this is in the night:—Most glorious night!
Thou wer’t not sent for slumber! let me be
A sharer in thy far and fierce delight,—
A portion of the tempest and of me!
How the lit lake shines a phosphoric sea,
And the big rain comet dancing to the earth!
And now again ’tis black,—and now the glee
Of the loud hills shakes with its mountain mirth,
As if they did rejoice o’er a young; earthquake’s birth,
Now where the swift Rhine cleaves his way between
Heights which appear, as lovers who have parted
In haste, whose mining depths so intervene,
That they can meet no more, tho’ broken hearted;
Tho’ in their souls which thus each other thwarted,
Love was the very root of the fond rage
Which blighted their life’s bloom, and then departed—
Itself expired, but leaving; them an age
Of years all winter—war within themselves to wage.
I went down to the little port, if I may use the expression, wherein his vessel used to lay, and
conversed with the cottager, who had the care of it. You may smile, but I have my pleasure in thus
helping my personification of the individual I admire, by attaining to the knowledge of those
circumstances which were daily around him. I have made numerous enquiries in the town
concerning him, but can learn nothing. He only went into society there once, when M. Pictet took
him to the house of a lady to spend the evening. They say he is a very singular man, and seem to
think him very uncivil. Amongst other things they relate, that having invited M. Pictet and
Bonstetten to dinner, he went on the lake to Chillon, leaving a gentleman who travelled with him
to receive them and make his apologies. Another evening, being invited to the house of Lady D—
— H——, he promised to attend, but upon approaching the windows of her ladyship’s villa, and
perceiving the room to be full of company, he set down his friend, desiring him to plead his excuse,
and immediately returned home. This will serve as a contradiction to the report which you tell me
is current in England, of his having been avoided by his countrymen on the continent. The case
happens to be directly the reverse, as he has been generally sought by them, though on most
occasions, apparently without success. It is said, indeed, that upon paying his first visit at Coppet,
following the servant who had announced his name, he was surprised to meet a lady carried out
fainting; but before he had been seated many minutes, the same lady, who had been so affected at
the sound of his name, returned and conversed with him a considerable time—such is female
curiosity and affectation! He visited Coppet frequently, and of course associated there with several
of his countrymen, who evinced no reluctance to meet him whom his enemies alone would
represent as an outcast.
Though I have been so unsuccessful in this town, I have been more fortunate in my enquiries
elsewhere. There is a society three or four miles from Geneva, the centre of which is the Countess
of Breuss, a Russian lady, well acquainted with the agrémens de la Société, and who has collected
them round herself at her mansion. It was chiefly here, I find, that the gentleman who travelled
with Lord Byron, as physician, sought for society. He used almost every day to cross the lake by
himself, in one of their flat-bottomed boats, and return after passing the evening with his friends,
about eleven or twelve at night, often whilst the storms were raging in the circling summits of the
mountains around. As he became intimate, from long acquaintance, with several of the families in
this neighbourhood, I have gathered from their accounts some excellent traits of his lordship’s
character, which I will relate to you at some future opportunity. I must, however, free him from
one imputation attached to him—of having in his house two sisters as the partakers of his revels.
This is, like many other charges which have been brought against his lordship, entirely destitute
of truth. His only companion was the physician I have already mentioned. The report originated
from the following circumstance: Mr. Percy Bysshe Shelly, a gentleman well known for
extravagance of doctrine, and for his daring, in their profession, even to sign himself with the title
of ATHeos in the Album at Chamouny, having taken a house below, in which he resided with Miss
M. W. Godwin and Miss Clermont, (the daughters of the celebrated Mr. Godwin) they were
frequently visitors at Diodati, and were often seen upon the lake with his Lordship, which gave
rise to the report, the truth of which is here positively denied.
Among other things which the lady, from whom I procured these anecdotes, related to me,
she mentioned the outline of a ghost story by Lord Byron. It appears that one evening Lord B., Mr.
P. B. Shelly, the two ladies and the gentleman before alluded to, after having perused a German
work, which was entitled Phantasmagoriana, began relating ghost stories; when his lordship having
recited the beginning of Christabel, then unpublished, the whole took so strong a hold of Mr.
Shelly’s mind, that he suddenly started up and ran out of the room. The physician and Lord Byron
followed, and discovered him leaning against a mantle-piece, with cold drops of perspiration
trickling down his face. After having given him something to refresh him, upon enquiring into the
cause of his alarm, they found that his wild imagination having pictured to him the bosom of one
of the ladies with eyes (which was reported of a lady in the neighbourhood where he lived) he was
obliged to leave the room in order to destroy the impression. It was afterwards proposed, in the
course of conversation, that each of the company present should write a tale depending upon some
supernatural agency, which was undertaken by Lord B., the physician, and Miss M. W. Godwin.
My friend, the lady above referred to, had in her possession the outline of each of these stories; I
obtained them as a great favour, and herewith forward them to you, as I was assured you would
feel as much curiosity as myself, to peruse the ebauches of so great a genius, and those immediately
under his influence.”
 Since published under the title of “Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus.”
THE superstition upon which this tale is founded is very general in the East. Among the
Arabians it appears to be common: it did not, however, extend itself to the Greeks until after the
establishment of Christianity; and it has only assumed its present form since the division of the
Latin and Greek churches; at which time, the idea becoming prevalent, that a Latin body could not
corrupt if buried in their territory, it gradually increased, and formed the subject of many wonderful
stories, still extant, of the dead rising from their graves, and feeding upon the blood of the young
and beautiful. In the West it spread, with some slight variation, all over Hungary, Poland, Austria,
and Lorraine, where the belief existed, that vampyres nightly imbibed a certain portion of the blood
of their victims, who became emaciated, lost their strength, and speedily died of consumptions;
whilst these human blood-suckers fattened—and their veins became distended to such a state of
repletion, as to cause the blood to flow from all the passages of their bodies, and even from the
very pores of their skins.
In the London Journal, of March, 1732, is a curious, and, of course, credible account of a
particular case of vampyrism, which is stated to have occurred at Madreyga, in Hungary. It
appears, that upon an examination of the commander-in-chief and magistrates of the place, they
positively and unanimously affirmed, that, about five years before, a certain Heyduke, named
Arnold Paul, had been heard to say, that, at Cassovia, on the frontiers of the Turkish Servia, he had
been tormented by a vampyre, but had found a way to rid himself of the evil, by eating some of
the earth out of the vampyre’s grave, and rubbing himself with his blood. This precaution, however,
did not prevent him from becoming a vampyre himself; for, about twenty or thirty days after
his death and burial, many persons complained of having been tormented by him, and a deposition
was made, that four persons had been deprived of life by his attacks. To prevent further mischief,
the inhabitants having consulted their Hadagni, took up the body, and found it (as is supposed
to be usual in cases of vampyrism) fresh, and entirely free from corruption, and emitting at the
mouth, nose, and ears, pure and florid blood. Proof having been thus obtained, they resorted to the
accustomed remedy. A stake was driven entirely through the heart and body of Arnold Paul, at
which he is reported to have cried out as dreadfully as if he had been alive. This done, they cut off
his head, burned his body, and threw the ashes into his grave. The same measures were adopted
with the corses of those persons who had previously died from vampyrism, lest they should, in
their turn, become agents upon others who survived them.
 The universal belief is, that a person sucked by a vampyre becomes a vampyre himself,
and sucks in his turn.
 Chief bailiff.
This monstrous rodomontade is here related, because it seems better adapted to illustrate the
subject of the present observations than any other instance which could be adduced. In many parts
of Greece it is considered as a sort of punishment after death, for some heinous crime committed
whilst in existence, that the deceased is not only doomed to vampyrise, but compelled to confine
his infernal visitations solely to those beings he loved most while upon earth—those to whom he
was bound by ties of kindred and affection.—A supposition alluded to in the “Giaour.”
But first on earth, as Vampyre sent,
Thy corse shall from its tomb be rent;
Then ghastly haunt the native place,
And suck the blood of all thy race;
There from thy daughter, sister, wife,
At midnight drain the stream of life;
Yet loathe the banquet which perforce
Must feed thy livid living corse,
Thy victims, ere they yet expire,
Shall know the demon for their sire;
As cursing thee, thou cursing them,
Thy flowers are withered on the stem.
But one that for thy crime must fall,
The youngest, best beloved of all,
Shall bless thee with a father’s name—
That word shall wrap thy heart in flame!
Yet thou must end thy task and mark
Her cheek’s last tinge—her eye’s last spark,
And the last glassy glance must view
Which freezes o’er its lifeless blue;
Then with unhallowed hand shall tear
The tresses of her yellow hair,
Of which, in life a lock when shorn
Affection’s fondest pledge was worn—
But now is borne away by thee
Memorial of thine agony!
Yet with thine own best blood shall drip;
Thy gnashing tooth, and haggard lip;
Then stalking to thy sullen grave,
Go—and with Gouls and Afrits rave,
Till these in horror shrink away
From spectre more accursed than they.
Mr. Southey has also introduced in his wild but beautiful poem of “Thalaba,” the vampyre
corse of the Arabian maid Oneiza, who is represented as having returned from the grave for the
purpose of tormenting him she best loved whilst in existence. But this cannot be supposed to have
resulted from the sinfulness of her life, she being pourtrayed throughout the whole of the tale as a
complete type of purity and innocence. The veracious Tournefort gives a long account in his travels
of several astonishing cases of vampyrism, to which he pretends to have been an eyewitness; and
Calmet, in his great wor…
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